What Is An IBD?

Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease are the main forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. These are lifelong conditions, left unchecked they can be devastating.

There is a difference between Colitis and Crohns...
Ulcerative Colitis is mainly found inside your colon and rectum. Tiny ulcers develop on the surface and may bleed or produce pus. The ulcers can affect the complete colon, this is classed as pancolitis or if it affects the rectum only this is called proctitis.
Crohns Disease is a condition that can affect anywhere from the mouth to the rectum, although the most common area affected is the end of the ileum or colon. Where as Ulcerative Colitis can mostly affect one large area, Crohns Disease causes patchy inflammation often with normal healthy gut in between. Another difference with Crohns Disease is that it may go deeper into the lining of the bowel wall.

Both Crohns Disease and Ulcerative Colitis are debilitating and life-changing conditions, some people will go into remission and have periods of good health where as others may struggle for considerable time. Sometimes medication is required to control these conditions whilst some people find it easy to control by means of diet and lifestyle changes.
There are different thoughts as to what causes these diseases, it can be genetics, environmental or something as simple as diet. It is not yet known what exactly causes Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, they can be controlled by medication but sometimes surgery is required, forming an ostomy/stoma.

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Did You Know?

  1. 300,000
    UK IBD sufferers
  2. 146,000
    UK Ulcerative Colitis sufferers
  3. 115,000
    UK Crohns Disease sufferers
  4. 21,000
    New stomas formed each year